Photo report: Angara ice breaker in Irkutsk

Here is a story of Angara ice breaker museum in Irkutsk where I was near one year ago.

Angara is a steam powered ice breaker of Russian and Soviet fleets one of the fifth icebreakers built before October revolution. Now it is a museum and one of the oldest ice breakers in the world which you can see actually.
Angara was launched on July 25 in 1900 in Listvenichnoye village. It was shipped disassembled from Newcastle upon Tyne where it was produced at stocks of shipyard of Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd. Siberian Railroad Construction Committee was a customer of the ship. It bought ferry icebreaker Baikal two years earlier from Armstrong.

Both ships were intended for ferry crossing of consists on Baikal Lake as a temporary solution for rail road construction around the lake. Ice breaker Angara was designed for path routing for Baikal ferry, which can’t overcome the ice thicker than 0.7 meter.

Angara ice breaker did regular navigation along with Baikal ferry on Baikal Lake till rail road around Baikal was built in 1906. Angara was temporary closed down for ten years after that due lack of finance.
It started navigation again in 1916 because of increasing of the traffic on a railroad around Baikal Lake.
Angara was nationalized after October revolution and redesigned for passenger traffic. The ship was armored with two sixth inches cannons and four machine guns in the beginning of Civil war in Russia and begun do raids against Chechoslovakian forces on Baikal’s coast.
In autumn of 1918 Angara was captured by White Movement, it was disarmed and returned to Baikal ferry crossing.
 On 6-th of January 1920 were massacre on board of Angara of members of Political Center, which withstand to government of Kolchak. 31 people were killed with wooden mallet which normally used to remove the ice from the ship surfaces and constructions.
In March 1920 Angara was included to Baikal detachment which was fighting against Kolchak and Kappel forces. The ice breaker was included to detachment till the end of 1922.
Angara got wreck and almost sunk in the end of 1920th. The ship was major repaired in 1931-1932 because of previous damage.

The second major repair would be performed on May of 1941 but was delayed due the Second World War.

During the Second World War the ice breaker was used as a merchant ship and got second major repair only in 1949.

Angara started navigation again in July of 1960, because of the problems of using old stocks. But it was excluded from the fleet in winter of 1962 because of obsolescence. The ship was not operated till 1967 and was moved to Irkutsk water reservoir and was used by local Voluntary Society for Assistance to the Army, Air Force and Navy.

In 1975 the Voluntary Society abandoned the ice breaker and it would be disposed. But this didn’t happen because the ship took the ground and was partly swamped till 1987 when was made decision to restore it and arrange the museum.

It took three years and 5th of November, 1990 Angara ice breaker was moved to a final moorage at Irkutsk water reservoir near Solnechniy district of the city

The post based on translation of this Wikipedia topic.
All photos token by myself.

2 коммент. :

  1. I saw another Russian icebreaker during a trip to Antarctica, called 50 years of victory. It is the largest and most modern nuclear-powered icebreaker in the world, like to know more visit

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